Local values, global worth!
The term “globalization” has acquired a considerable emotive force. Some view it as a process that is beneficial – a key to future world economic development – and also inevitable and irreversible. Others regard it with hostility, even fear, believing that it increases inequality within and between nations. Indeed, the concept of globalization raises many questions and controversial issues.
Some argue that globalization is a positive development as it will give rise to new industries and more jobs in developing countries. Others say globalization is negative in that it will free poorer countries of the world to do whatever the big developed countries tell them to do. Another view point is that the developed countries of the world do whatever the big developed countries are the ones who may lose out because they are involved in outsourcing many of the manufacturing jobs that used to be done by their own citizens. Outsourcing refers to obtaining goods by contract from outside sources. Critics of outsourcing feel that no one wins with this practice. Workers in developed countries may lose their jobs while those doing the work in poorer countries get paid much less while working in poor conditions.
Factors related to globalization can also cause workers to migrate from their homelands in poorer countries to more developed countries to find work. The migrant labourers may leave their families and live temporarily in another country, thus disrupting the family and social fabric of their home communities. Furthermore, most of their earnings may be sent home, reducing the benefits their employment could have in the country where they are employed. Often foreign workers immigrate to another country, and, because they live in their own neighborhoods, continue to follow their religions, customs, and even follow their own laws, they are sometimes accused of not being willing to adapt and accept their new country. On the other hand, often these newcomers complain that they are poorly treated and cannot live the way they would like to in the more developed countries they have immigrated to. This raises questions of the role of human rights as a consequence of globalization.
Many developing countries need new industries and the jobs these industries bring to improve their economies through globalization, but they do not want to lose their own culture and identity in the process. Many developing countries fear that increased globalization may lead to loss of control over economic and political decisions and may also threat their traditions, language, and culture.
As globalization has progressed, living conditions have improved significantly in virtually all countries. However, strongest gains have been made by the advanced countries and only some of the developing countries.